The guitar, like all the stringed instruments, relies its full sound potential from a few factors. It varies from the kind of wood used, the type of strings applied, and so on. But despite making sure that the factors stated are at the top grade, there is one nuance that must be taken in to consideration; and that is proper tuning.
Through the years, as technology improves, opens up a wide variety of ways to tune the guitar. It stretches from pedals, clip-on tuners, to phone applications. Regardless of which way you choose to tune the guitar, it will end up in one standard tuning. Below are the primary factors we need to identify before we can be able to efficiently tune our guitars.
The standard guitar primarily has 6 strings, the thinnest and the highest in pitch is labeled as the 1st string, while the other extreme-the thickest and lowest in pitch, is called the 6th string. After you have identified both the first and last string, the middle strings will follow the remaining numbers- 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th.
OPEN STRING PITCHES
Now that we know the string number, it is vital that we know which letter pitch corresponds to which string number. So here it is: E (6th string), A (5th string), D (4th string), G (3rd string), B (2nd string), e (1st string). Another creative way to remember this is through recalling the sentence Elephant And Donkeys Got Big Ears (just remember that it runs down from 6th to 1st string).
USING THE TUNING MACHINES
This is a standard that each of the six machines work in one way, and that is if you twist anti-clockwise-the pitch goes up, and twist clockwise-the pitch lowers down.
USING A TUNER
The last step is to use a device that will identify if the pitch is already at the correct frequency for that specific string, and it can be achieved through the use of a tuner. Usually, tuners have a pointer that tells you if it is too low or too high. If it says too low, make sure you twist it to the anti-clockwise direction, and twist clockwise if it is too high. Most of the tuners turn green if the frequency is already at the proper level, and red if it is still out of pitch.
Again, getting your guitar in precise tuning aids to achieving a pleasing sound! Happy tuning!