Have you ever wondered why professional singers sound so good and effortless? Well, most of it is because of good singing techniques that they’ve practiced over and over again, most probably in singing lessons with a vocal teacher. We’ve compiled a list of essential singing techniques if you want to start your journey with singing:
Classical singing technique – this particular way of singing, which is applicable to opera, art songs, and even some earlier musical theatre shows, takes years and years to master. Some say that this is the healthiest vocal technique to start with because it does not involve shouting or scratching your vocal cords. The correct singing technique for opera involves the following:
- A low larynx means that the larynx stays in the same low position even as you sing higher notes. The effect of this vocal technique is that the voice sounds even throughout the range. Even as the singer goes higher, her/his voice does not break or crack or seem strained. This is what enables opera singers to reach very high notes!
- An open throat – open throat singing means that the throat does not close up and get smaller as you sing. It must remain open and stay the same shape for every vowel that you sing. It will feel very hollow and the sound will be round and deep. Having an open throat means that your air flow outwards must be at a constant rate and the singer is not stopping or trapping it. When this happens, the byproduct of this is a very natural ‘vibrato,’ because the vocal folds are vibrating freely.
- A well-placed voice – this singing technique involves aiming the voice at a ‘sweet spot’ in front of the face which enables the voice to project loudly and to be more focused. For classical singers, this is very important because they have to project over a big orchestra without the use of a microphone.
- Diaphragm support – This is an important skill to master when you sing because having a strong control over your diaphragm means you can control the rate at which the air flows out when you sing – which, in simple terms, means that you don’t run out of air very quickly! This skill takes years to master and is often only achieved in adulthood, when the lungs and diaphragm are fully developed.
- Closed cords – This technique does NOT equate to a closed throat! Having closed cords means that the voice is very focused and bright, and does not have a breathy quality. This means that the cords are vibrating together properly and not letting air break them apart.
For pop and jazz singing, the technique might vary a little bit because pop and jazz involve the use of the microphone. Thus, pop and jazz singers don’t have to be as projected and loud as classical singers. Aesthetically, there is also more room for jazz and pop singers to have breathier voices, which means their cords are less closed.
While these techniques might seem simple on paper, they are a little bit complicated in application. It is best to find a very qualified vocal teacher to explain how all of these singing techniques work, so that you will be able to practice and sing in a healthy manner! Find out more here about voice teachers!